Vegan mousse recept met carob of cacao

By December 15, 2016Recepten

Voor mij is een dessert zonder chocolade geen echt dessert. Daarom maak ik deze vegan mousse met cacao en versier ik hem ook nog met rauwe cacaonibs. Maar ook met carob (een poeder gemaakt van de peulen van de johannesbroodboom) is deze mousse ook gewoon heerlijk. Deze veganistisch mousse is perfect geschikt als nagerecht of als tussendoortje. Soms eet ik het zelfs voor het ontbijt. Luchtig, niet te zoet, met een knapperige decoratie – yammy!

* De amandelpasta voor dit vegan mousse recept kun je kopen of zelf maken. Voor instructies zie deze recept. Je kunt het ook vervangen met een andere notenpasta of tahini (sesampasta).

Ingrediënten (4 porties)

  • Zijden tofu – 400 g
  • Amandelpasta – 1 el*
  • Banaan – 1 st.
  • Carob- of cacaopoeder – 1 el
  • Zoetstof naar smaak (agave stroop, honing, enz.) – 2 thl of naar smaak (ik voeg het zelf bijna nooit toe)
  • Voor de decoratie: gedroogd fruit of bessen, rauwe cacaonibs, amandelen

Bereidingswijze 

  1. Klop alle ingrediënten (behalve de decoratieve) grondig in een blender.
  2. Verdeel de mousse tussen de vier glazen.
  3. Zet in de koelkast voor minstens 2 uur.
  4. Voor het serveren, garneer de mousse met rauwe cacaonibs, amandelen en fruit/bessen (of andere eetbare versieringen naar jouw keuze).

Voedingswaarde van een portie

  • Energie: 148 kcal
  • Koolh.: 15,2 g
  • Vezels: 2,2 g
  • Vet: 6,7 g
  • Eiwit: 6,8

Author Lera Krasovskaya

More posts by Lera Krasovskaya

Join the discussion 22 Comments

  • Ludmila says:

    Thank you very much, Lera!

  • транспортерная лента
    транспортерная лента
    лента конвейерная б у
    f7pQf9Sg6L – 348S

  • Jamescautt says:

    A boiler is a closed vessel in which drinking water or other fluid is heated. The fluid does not necessarily boil. (In North America, the term “furnace” is normally used if the purpose is never to boil the liquid.) The warmed or vaporized fluid exits the boiler for use in a variety of procedures or heating applications,[1 – [2 – including drinking water heating, central heating system, boiler-based power era, cooking food, and sanitation.

    Materials
    The pressure vessel of the boiler is usually made of steel (or alloy steel), or of wrought iron historically. Stainless steel, of the austenitic types especially, is not used in wetted parts of boilers credited to corrosion and stress corrosion cracking.[3 – However, ferritic stainless steel is often used in superheater sections that will not be exposed to boiling drinking water, and electrically heated stainless steel shell boilers are allowed under the European “Pressure Equipment Directive” for production of steam for sterilizers and disinfectors.[4 –
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boilerhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boiler
    In live steam models, copper or brass is often used because it is more fabricated in smaller size boilers easily. Historically, copper was often used for fireboxes (especially for vapor locomotives), due to its better formability and higher thermal conductivity; however, in newer times, the high price of copper often makes this an uneconomic choice and cheaper substitutes (such as steel) are used instead.

    For much of the Victorian “age group of vapor”, the only material used for boilermaking was the best grade of wrought iron, with set up by rivetting. This iron was often extracted from specialist ironworks, such as at Cleator Moor (UK), mentioned for the high quality of their rolled plate and its suitability for high-reliability use in critical applications, such as high-pressure boilers. In the 20th century, design practice instead moved towards the use of metal, which is stronger and cheaper, with welded building, which is quicker and requires less labour. It ought to be mentioned, however, that wrought iron boilers corrode considerably slower than their modern-day metal counterparts, and are less vunerable to localized pitting and stress-corrosion. This makes the durability of older wrought-iron boilers significantly more advanced than those of welded steel boilers.

    Cast iron can be utilized for the heating vessel of local water heaters. Although such heaters are usually termed “boilers” in a few countries, their purpose is to create warm water usually, not steam, and they also run at low pressure and stay away from boiling. The brittleness of cast iron helps it be impractical for high-pressure vapor boilers.
    Boiler Repairs Manor Park, E12, Boiler Breakdown Emergency Service http://boiler-repairs-manor-park.co.uk – Click here!..
    Energy
    The source of heat for a boiler is combustion of any of several fuels, such as wood, coal, oil, or natural gas. Electric steam boilers use level of resistance- or immersion-type heating system elements. Nuclear fission is also used as a heat source for generating steam, either directly (BWR) or, generally, in specialised temperature exchangers called “vapor generators” (PWR). Heat recovery steam generators (HRSGs) use the heat rejected from other processes such as gas turbine.

    Boiler efficiency
    there are two solutions to measure the boiler efficiency 1) direct method 2) indirect method

    Direct method -immediate approach to boiler efficiency test is more useful or more common

    boiler efficiency =Q*((Hg-Hf)/q)*(GCV *100 ) Q =Total steam flow Hg= Enthalpy of saturated vapor in k cal/kg Hf =Enthalpy of give food to drinking water in kcal/kg q= level of gas use in kg/hr GCV =gross calorific value in kcal/kg like family pet coke (8200 kcal/KG)

    indirect method -to gauge the boiler efficiency in indirect method, we are in need of a following parameter like

    Ultimate analysis of fuel (H2,S2,S,C moisture constraint, ash constraint)
    percentage of O2 or CO2 at flue gas
    flue gas temperature at outlet
    ambient temperature in deg c and humidity of air in kg/kg
    GCV of gasoline in kcal/kg
    ash percentage in combustible fuel
    GCV of ash in kcal/kg
    Configurations
    Boilers can be classified in to the following configurations:

    Pot boiler or Haycock boiler/Haystack boiler: a primitive “kettle” where a fireplace heats a partially filled drinking water box from below. 18th century Haycock boilers generally produced and stored large quantities of very low-pressure vapor, barely above that of the atmosphere often. These could burn wood or most often, coal. Efficiency was very low.
    Flued boiler with one or two large flues-an early type or forerunner of fire-tube boiler.

    Diagram of the fire-tube boiler
    Fire-tube boiler: Here, water partially fills a boiler barrel with a little volume still left above to accommodate the steam (steam space). This is the type of boiler used in almost all steam locomotives. The heat source is inside a furnace or firebox that needs to be held permanently surrounded by the water in order to maintain the temp of the heating surface below the boiling point. The furnace can be situated at one end of a fire-tube which lengthens the road of the hot gases, thus augmenting the heating surface which can be further increased by making the gases reverse direction through a second parallel tube or a bundle of multiple pipes (two-pass or come back flue boiler); on the other hand the gases may be taken along the sides and then under the boiler through flues (3-pass boiler). In case there is a locomotive-type boiler, a boiler barrel expands from the firebox and the hot gases pass through a bundle of fire tubes inside the barrel which greatly escalates the heating system surface in comparison to a single tube and further increases heat transfer. Fire-tube boilers have a comparatively low rate of steam creation usually, but high steam storage capacity. Fire-tube boilers burn off solid fuels mainly, but are readily adaptable to those of the gas or water variety.

    Diagram of a water-tube boiler.
    Water-tube boiler: In this kind, tubes filled with drinking water are arranged inside a furnace in a true amount of possible configurations. Water tubes connect large drums Often, the low ones containing water and top of the ones water and steam; in other cases, like a mono-tube boiler, water is circulated by a pump through a succession of coils. This type generally provides high vapor production rates, but less storage space capacity than the above. Water pipe boilers can be made to exploit any high temperature source and are generally preferred in high-pressure applications because the high-pressure water/steam is included within small diameter pipes which can withstand the pressure with a thinner wall structure.
    Flash boiler: A flash boiler is a specialized type of water-tube boiler in which tubes are close collectively and water is pumped through them. A flash boiler differs from the kind of mono-tube vapor generator in which the tube is permanently filled up with water. In a flash boiler, the pipe is kept so hot that water give food to is quickly flashed into vapor and superheated. Flash boilers experienced some use in automobiles in the 19th century and this use continued into the early 20th century. .

    1950s design steam locomotive boiler, from a Victorian Railways J class
    Fire-tube boiler with Water-tube firebox. Sometimes the two above types have been combined in the next manner: the firebox includes an assembly of water tubes, called thermic siphons. The gases then pass through a conventional firetube boiler. Water-tube fireboxes were installed in many Hungarian locomotives,[citation needed – but have met with little success far away.
    Sectional boiler. Within a cast iron sectional boiler, sometimes called a “pork chop boiler” the water is included inside solid iron areas.[citation needed – These areas are assembled on site to make the finished boiler.
    Safety
    See also: Boiler explosion
    To define and secure boilers safely, some professional specialized organizations like the American Culture of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) develop criteria and regulation rules. For instance, the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code is a standard providing a wide range of guidelines and directives to ensure compliance of the boilers and other pressure vessels with safety, design and security standards.[5 –

    Historically, boilers were a way to obtain many serious injuries and property destruction due to badly understood engineering principles. Thin and brittle metallic shells can rupture, while welded or riveted seams could open up poorly, resulting in a violent eruption of the pressurized vapor. When water is converted to vapor it expands to over 1,000 times its original travels and volume down steam pipes at over 100 kilometres each hour. Because of this, steam is a superb way of moving energy and heat around a niche site from a central boiler house to where it is necessary, but without the right boiler feed water treatment, a steam-raising flower are affected from range corrosion and formation. At best, this increases energy costs and can lead to poor quality vapor, reduced efficiency, shorter vegetation and unreliable operation. At worst, it can lead to catastrophic failing and loss of life. Collapsed or dislodged boiler pipes can also aerosol scalding-hot vapor and smoke out of the air intake and firing chute, injuring the firemen who weight the coal into the fire chamber. Extremely large boilers providing hundreds of horsepower to use factories could demolish entire structures.[6 –

    A boiler that has a loss of give food to water and is permitted to boil dry can be extremely dangerous. If supply water is sent in to the unfilled boiler then, the tiny cascade of inbound drinking water instantly boils on contact with the superheated metallic shell and leads to a violent explosion that cannot be managed even by basic safety steam valves. Draining of the boiler can also happen if a leak occurs in the vapor supply lines that is larger than the make-up water source could replace. The Hartford Loop was invented in 1919 by the Hartford Steam Boiler and INSURANCE PROVIDER as a method to assist in preventing this condition from occurring, and thus reduce their insurance promises.[7 – [8 –

    Superheated steam boiler

    A superheated boiler on a steam locomotive.
    Main article: Superheater
    Most boilers produce steam to be utilized at saturation heat; that is, saturated vapor. Superheated steam boilers vaporize water and further heating the steam in a superheater then. This provides steam at higher temperature, but can decrease the overall thermal efficiency of the steam generating flower because the bigger steam temperatures takes a higher flue gas exhaust temperatures.[citation needed – There are many ways to circumvent this problem, by providing an economizer that heats the feed drinking water typically, a combustion air heater in the hot flue gas exhaust path, or both. You can find benefits to superheated vapor that may, and often will, increase overall efficiency of both steam generation and its own utilization: increases in input temperature to a turbine should outweigh any cost in additional boiler problem and expense. There may also be practical limitations in using damp steam, as entrained condensation droplets will harm turbine blades.

    Superheated steam presents unique safety concerns because, if any system component fails and allows steam to escape, the high temperature and pressure can cause serious, instantaneous injury to anyone in its path. Since the escaping steam will initially be completely superheated vapor, detection can be difficult, although the extreme heat and sound from such a leak obviously indicates its presence.

    Superheater procedure is similar to that of the coils on an fresh air conditioning unit, although for a different purpose. The steam piping is directed through the flue gas path in the boiler furnace. The heat in this field is between 1 typically,300 and 1,600 °C (2,372 and 2,912 °F). Some superheaters are glowing type; that is, they absorb heat by radiation. Others are convection type, absorbing warmth from a fluid. Some are a combination of the two types. Through either method, the extreme high temperature in the flue gas route will also temperature the superheater vapor piping and the steam within. While the temperature of the steam in the superheater increases, the pressure of the vapor will not and the pressure remains the same as that of the boiler.[9 – Virtually all steam superheater system designs remove droplets entrained in the steam to prevent harm to the turbine blading and associated piping.

    Supercritical steam generator

    Boiler for a charged power place.
    Main article: Supercritical steam generator
    Supercritical steam generators are frequently used for the production of electric power. They operate at supercritical pressure. In contrast to a “subcritical boiler”, a supercritical steam generator operates at such a high pressure (over 3,200 psi or 22 MPa) that the physical turbulence that characterizes boiling ceases to occur; the fluid is neither water nor gas but a super-critical liquid. There is absolutely no generation of steam bubbles within water, because the pressure is above the critical pressure point of which steam bubbles can develop. As the liquid expands through the turbine phases, its thermodynamic state drops below the critical point as it can work turning the turbine which turns the electrical generator from which power is eventually extracted. The fluid at that point may be considered a mix of vapor and liquid droplets as it goes by in to the condenser. This results in slightly less fuel use and for that reason less greenhouse gas production. The term “boiler” shouldn’t be used for a supercritical pressure vapor generator, as no “boiling” occurs in this product.
    Boiler Repairs Manor Park, E12, Boiler Breakdown Emergency Service http://boiler-repairs-manor-park.co.uk – More info…
    Accessories
    Boiler accessories and fittings
    Pressuretrols to regulate the steam pressure in the boiler. Boilers generally have 2 or 3 3 pressuretrols: a manual-reset pressuretrol, which functions as a security by setting top of the limit of steam pressure, the working pressuretrol, which controls when the boiler fires to keep pressure, as well as for boilers outfitted with a modulating burner, a modulating pressuretrol which controls the quantity of fire.
    Basic safety valve: It is utilized to alleviate pressure and prevent possible explosion of a boiler.
    Water level signals: They show the operator the amount of liquid in the boiler, known as a view glass also, water gauge or water column.
    Bottom level blowdown valves: They offer a means for removing solid particulates that condense and lie on the bottom of the boiler. As the name suggests, this valve is usually located directly on the bottom of the boiler, and is sometimes opened to use the pressure in the boiler to drive these particulates out.
    Continuous blowdown valve: This enables a small quantity of water to flee continuously. Its purpose is to avoid the water in the boiler becoming saturated with dissolved salts. Saturation would lead to foaming and cause drinking water droplets to be carried over with the vapor – an ailment known as priming. Blowdown is often used to monitor the chemistry of the boiler drinking water also.
    Trycock: a type of valve that is often use to manually check a liquid level in a container. Mostly found on a water boiler.
    Flash container: High-pressure blowdown enters this vessel where the vapor can ‘flash’ safely and be found in a low-pressure system or be vented to atmosphere while the ambient pressure blowdown flows to drain.
    Automatic blowdown/constant heat recovery system: This technique allows the boiler to blowdown only when makeup water is flowing to the boiler, thereby transferring the maximum amount of heat possible from the blowdown to the makeup water. No flash tank is normally needed as the blowdown discharged is near to the heat range of the make-up water.
    Hand openings: These are metal plates installed in openings in “header” to permit for inspections & installing pipes and inspection of internal surfaces.
    Vapor drum internals, a series of screen, scrubber & cans (cyclone separators).
    Low-water cutoff: It really is a mechanical means (usually a float switch) that is used to turn off the burner or shut down fuel to the boiler to avoid it from working once the drinking water moves below a certain point. If a boiler is “dry-fired” (burned without drinking water in it) it can cause rupture or catastrophic failing.
    Surface blowdown line: It offers a way for removing foam or other light-weight non-condensible chemicals that have a tendency to float together with water inside the boiler.
    Circulating pump: It really is made to circulate water back to the boiler after they have expelled a few of its heat.
    Feedwater check valve or clack valve: A non-return stop valve in the feedwater series. This can be fitted to the comparative part of the boiler, below the water level just, or to the very best of the boiler.[10 –
    Top feed: With this design for feedwater injection, the water is fed to the top of the boiler. This can reduce boiler fatigue caused by thermal stress. By spraying the feedwater over a series of trays water is quickly heated and this can reduce limescale.
    Desuperheater tubes or bundles: Some tubes or bundles of tubes in water drum or the steam drum made to cool superheated steam, in order to provide auxiliary equipment that will not need, or may be damaged by, dry steam.
    Chemical injection line: A connection to add chemicals for controlling feedwater pH.
    Steam accessories
    Main vapor stop valve:
    Steam traps:
    Main steam stop/check valve: It is used on multiple boiler installations.
    Combustion accessories
    Gas oil system:energy oil heaters
    Gas system:
    Coal system:
    Soot blower
    Other essential items
    Pressure gauges:
    Feed pumps:
    Fusible plug:
    Inspectors test pressure measure attachment:
    Name plate:
    Registration plate:

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  • Costerhowl says:

    Подскажите, где найти интскуцию на коптер DJI,кроме вот этого сайта? – http://24concord.ru/
    Tell me where to find instruction on Copter DJI, except here this site?

  • Детская мебель на заказ в Нижнем Новгороде – 1-meb.ru

    купить мебель для детской

  • irrisaSpalk says:

    looking for Report on diet asap
    My blog proofread my Report on History due soon

  • Jamescautt says:

    A boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other liquid is heated. The fluid does not always boil. (In THE UNITED STATES, the word “furnace” is generally used if the reason is not to boil the liquid.) The warmed or vaporized liquid exits the boiler for use in various procedures or heating system applications,[1 – [2 – including drinking water heating, central heating system, boiler-based power era, cooking, and sanitation.

    Materials
    The pressure vessel of a boiler is usually manufactured from steel (or alloy steel), or historically of wrought iron. Stainless steel, especially of the austenitic types, is not found in wetted parts of boilers due to corrosion and stress corrosion cracking.[3 – However, ferritic stainless steel is often found in superheater sections that won’t come in contact with boiling water, and electrically heated stainless steel shell boilers are allowed under the Western “Pressure Equipment Directive” for creation of steam for sterilizers and disinfectors.[4 –
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boilerhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boiler
    In live steam models, copper or brass is often used since it is more easily fabricated in smaller size boilers. Historically, copper was often used for fireboxes (especially for vapor locomotives), because of its better formability and higher thermal conductivity; however, in more recent times, the high price of copper often makes this an uneconomic choice and cheaper substitutes (such as metal) are used instead.

    For much of the Victorian “age of steam”, the only material used for boilermaking was the best quality of wrought iron, with set up by rivetting. This iron was extracted from specialist ironworks, such as at Cleator Moor (UK), observed for the high quality of their rolled plate and its own suitability for high-reliability use in critical applications, such as high-pressure boilers. In the 20th century, design practice instead transferred towards the utilization of metal, which is more powerful and cheaper, with welded structure, which is quicker and requires less labour. It should be observed, however, that wrought iron boilers corrode significantly slower than their modern-day metal counterparts, and are less susceptible to localized stress-corrosion and pitting. This makes the longevity of older wrought-iron boilers significantly superior to those of welded metal boilers.

    Cast iron may be used for the heating vessel of domestic water heaters. Although such heaters are usually termed “boilers” in some countries, their purpose is to produce warm water usually, not steam, and they also run at low pressure and try to avoid boiling. The brittleness of cast iron helps it be impractical for high-pressure steam boilers.
    Boiler Repairs Islington, Barnsbury, Canonbury, N1, Boiler Breakdown Emergency Service http://boiler-repairs-islington.co.uk – More info!
    Energy
    The foundation of heating for a boiler is combustion of some of several fuels, such as wood, coal, oil, or gas. Electric steam boilers use level of resistance- or immersion-type heating system elements. Nuclear fission is also used as a heat source for producing steam, either straight (BWR) or, in most cases, in specialised heat exchangers called “steam generators” (PWR). Heat recovery steam generators (HRSGs) use heat rejected from other processes such as gas turbine.

    Boiler efficiency
    there are two solutions to measure the boiler efficiency 1) direct method 2) indirect method

    Direct method -direct approach to boiler efficiency test is more functional or more common

    boiler efficiency =Q*((Hg-Hf)/q)*(GCV *100 ) Q =Total vapor circulation Hg= Enthalpy of saturated steam in k cal/kg Hf =Enthalpy of give food to drinking water in kcal/kg q= quantity of energy use in kg/hr GCV =gross calorific value in kcal/kg like pet coke (8200 kcal/KG)

    indirect method -to measure the boiler efficiency in indirect method, we need a following parameter like

    Ultimate analysis of gasoline (H2,S2,S,C moisture constraint, ash constraint)
    percentage of O2 or CO2 at flue gas
    flue gas temperature at outlet
    ambient temperature in deg c and humidity of air in kg/kg
    GCV of fuel in kcal/kg
    ash percentage in combustible fuel
    GCV of ash in kcal/kg
    Configurations
    Boilers can be classified into the following configurations:

    Container boiler or Haycock boiler/Haystack boiler: a primitive “kettle” in which a fireplace heats a partially filled water box from below. 18th century Haycock boilers generally produced and stored large quantities of very low-pressure vapor, often barely above that of the atmosphere. These could burn off wood or most often, coal. Efficiency was very low.
    Flued boiler with one or two large flues-an early forerunner or type of fire-tube boiler.

    Diagram of the fire-tube boiler
    Fire-tube boiler: Here, drinking water partially fills a boiler barrel with a small volume remaining above to accommodate the steam (steam space). This is the kind of boiler used in nearly all steam locomotives. The heat source is inside a furnace or firebox that needs to be held completely surrounded by the water in order to keep the heat of the heating system surface below the boiling point. The furnace can be situated at one end of the fire-tube which lengthens the path of the hot gases, thus augmenting the heating surface which may be further increased by causing the gases invert direction through another parallel tube or a bundle of multiple tubes (two-pass or return flue boiler); on the other hand the gases may be studied along the edges and then beneath the boiler through flues (3-pass boiler). In case of a locomotive-type boiler, a boiler barrel extends from the firebox and the hot gases go through a lot of money of fire pipes inside the barrel which greatly escalates the heating system surface in comparison to a single tube and further improves heat transfer. Fire-tube boilers will often have a comparatively low rate of steam creation, but high vapor storage capacity. Fire-tube boilers burn off solid fuels mainly, but are readily adaptable to the people of the liquid or gas variety.

    Diagram of a water-tube boiler.
    Water-tube boiler: In this type, pipes filled up with water are arranged in the furnace in several possible configurations. Water pipes connect large drums Often, the low ones containing water and the upper ones water and steam; in other cases, such as a mono-tube boiler, water is circulated with a pump through a succession of coils. This kind provides high steam creation rates generally, but less storage capacity than the above mentioned. Water pipe boilers can be designed to exploit any heat source and tend to be preferred in high-pressure applications because the high-pressure drinking water/steam is included within small diameter pipes which can withstand the pressure with a thinner wall.
    Flash boiler: A flash boiler is a specialized kind of water-tube boiler where pipes are close together and water is pumped through them. A flash boiler differs from the type of mono-tube vapor generator where the pipe is permanently filled with water. Super fast boiler, the pipe is kept so hot that the water give food to is quickly flashed into vapor and superheated. Flash boilers acquired some use in cars in the 19th century and this use continued in to the early 20th century. .

    1950s design steam locomotive boiler, from a Victorian Railways J class
    Fire-tube boiler with Water-tube firebox. Sometimes the two above types have been mixed in the next manner: the firebox includes an set up of water tubes, called thermic siphons. The gases go through a conventional firetube boiler then. Water-tube fireboxes were installed in many Hungarian locomotives,[citation needed – but have met with little success far away.
    Sectional boiler. Within a cast iron sectional boiler, sometimes called a “pork chop boiler” the water is included inside solid iron sections.[citation needed – These sections are assembled on site to generate the finished boiler.
    Safety
    See also: Boiler explosion
    To define and secure boilers safely, some professional specialized organizations like the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) develop standards and regulation codes. For instance, the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code is a typical providing a wide range of rules and directives to ensure compliance of the boilers and other pressure vessels with basic safety, design and security standards.[5 –

    Historically, boilers were a source of many serious injuries and property destruction due to poorly understood engineering principles. Thin and brittle steel shells can rupture, while welded or riveted seams could open up poorly, resulting in a violent eruption of the pressurized steam. When water is converted to steam it expands to over 1,000 times its original travels and volume down steam pipes at over 100 kilometres each hour. Because of this, vapor is a superb way of moving energy and warmth around a site from a central boiler house to where it is necessary, but without the right boiler feed water treatment, a steam-raising herb will suffer from scale development and corrosion. At best, this increases energy costs and can lead to poor quality vapor, reduced efficiency, shorter vegetation and unreliable operation. At worst, it can lead to catastrophic loss and failure of life. Collapsed or dislodged boiler pipes can also aerosol scalding-hot vapor and smoke out of the air intake and firing chute, injuring the firemen who fill the coal in to the fireplace chamber. Extremely large boilers providing a huge selection of horsepower to operate factories can potentially demolish entire structures.[6 –

    A boiler that has a loss of feed water and is permitted to boil dry out can be extremely dangerous. If supply water is then sent into the vacant boiler, the small cascade of incoming water instantly boils on connection with the superheated steel shell and leads to a violent explosion that can’t be controlled even by security steam valves. Draining of the boiler can also happen if a leak occurs in the steam source lines that is bigger than the make-up water supply could replace. The Hartford Loop was created in 1919 by the Hartford Vapor Boiler and INSURANCE PROVIDER as a method to help prevent this condition from taking place, and thereby reduce their insurance promises.[7 – [8 –

    Superheated steam boiler

    A superheated boiler on a steam locomotive.
    Main article: Superheater
    Most boilers produce vapor to be used at saturation temperatures; that is, saturated steam. Superheated steam boilers vaporize water and additional heat up the steam in a superheater then. This provides steam at higher heat range, but can decrease the overall thermal efficiency of the steam generating place because the higher steam temperature takes a higher flue gas exhaust heat.[citation needed – There are many ways to circumvent this problem, by giving an economizer that heats the feed drinking water typically, a combustion air heating unit in the hot flue gas exhaust route, or both. You can find advantages to superheated steam that may, and often will, increase overall efficiency of both steam generation and its utilization: gains in input temperatures to a turbine should outweigh any cost in additional boiler problem and expense. There may also be useful limitations in using damp vapor, as entrained condensation droplets will damage turbine blades.

    Superheated steam presents unique safety concerns because, if any system component fails and allows steam to escape, the high temperature and pressure can cause serious, instantaneous harm to anyone in its path. Since the escaping steam will be completely superheated vapor, detection can be difficult, although the intense heat and sound from such a leak indicates its presence clearly.

    Superheater operation is similar to that of the coils on an fresh air conditioning unit, although for a different purpose. The vapor piping is directed through the flue gas route in the boiler furnace. The temperature in this area is between 1 typically,300 and 1,600 °C (2,372 and 2,912 °F). Some superheaters are glowing type; that is, they absorb heat by rays. Others are convection type, absorbing heat from a fluid. Some are a mixture of both types. Through either method, the extreme heat in the flue gas path will heat the superheater steam piping and the steam within also. While the heat of the vapor in the superheater rises, the pressure of the steam does not and the pressure remains exactly like that of the boiler.[9 – Almost all steam superheater system designs remove droplets entrained in the steam to prevent damage to the turbine blading and associated piping.

    Supercritical steam generator

    Boiler for a power herb.
    Main article: Supercritical steam generator
    Supercritical steam generators are used for the production of energy frequently. They operate at supercritical pressure. As opposed to a “subcritical boiler”, a supercritical steam generator operates at such a high pressure (over 3,200 psi or 22 MPa) that the physical turbulence that characterizes boiling ceases that occurs; the liquid is neither water nor gas but a super-critical fluid. There is no generation of vapor bubbles within the water, because the pressure is above the critical pressure point at which steam bubbles can form. As the liquid expands through the turbine stages, its thermodynamic state drops below the critical point as it does work turning the turbine which turns the electrical generator from which power is ultimately extracted. The fluid at that point may be considered a mix of vapor and liquid droplets as it passes in to the condenser. This leads to less fuel use and therefore less greenhouse gas production slightly. The word “boiler” should not be used for a supercritical pressure vapor generator, as no “boiling” occurs in this product.
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    Accessories
    Boiler fittings and accessories
    Pressuretrols to regulate the steam pressure in the boiler. Boilers generally have 2 or 3 3 pressuretrols: a manual-reset pressuretrol, which functions as a basic safety by setting the upper limit of steam pressure, the operating pressuretrol, which controls when the boiler fires to maintain pressure, as well as for boilers equipped with a modulating burner, a modulating pressuretrol which controls the quantity of fire.
    Security valve: It can be used to alleviate pressure and prevent possible explosion of the boiler.
    Water level indications: They show the operator the level of liquid in the boiler, also known as a sight cup, water gauge or drinking water column.
    Bottom level blowdown valves: They provide a means for removing solid particulates that condense and lay on the bottom of a boiler. As the name implies, this valve is located directly on underneath of the boiler usually, and is occasionally opened to use the pressure in the boiler to force these particulates out.
    Continuous blowdown valve: This allows a small level of water to flee continuously. Its purpose is to prevent the water in the boiler becoming saturated with dissolved salts. Saturation would lead to foaming and cause water droplets to be carried over with the steam – a disorder known as priming. Blowdown is also often used to monitor the chemistry of the boiler water.
    Trycock: a kind of valve that is often use to manually check a water level in a tank. Most commonly found on a drinking water boiler.
    Flash container: High-pressure blowdown enters this vessel where the steam can ‘flash’ safely and be used in a low-pressure system or be vented to atmosphere as the ambient pressure blowdown flows to drain.
    Automatic blowdown/constant heat recovery system: This system allows the boiler to blowdown only when makeup water is flowing to the boiler, thereby transferring the utmost amount of heat possible from the blowdown to the makeup water. No flash tank is generally needed as the blowdown discharged is near to the heat range of the makeup water.
    Hand openings: They are steel plates installed in openings in “header” to allow for inspections & installation of pipes and inspection of internal surfaces.
    Vapor drum internals, some display, scrubber & cans (cyclone separators).
    Low-water cutoff: It really is a mechanical means (usually a float change) that is utilized to turn off the burner or shut off energy to the boiler to prevent it from working once the water runs below a certain point. If a boiler is “dry-fired” (burnt without drinking water in it) it can cause rupture or catastrophic failing.
    Surface blowdown series: It offers a way for removing foam or other light-weight non-condensible chemicals that have a tendency to float on top of water inside the boiler.
    Circulating pump: It is made to circulate water back to the boiler after it has expelled a few of its heat.
    Feedwater check valve or clack valve: A non-return stop valve in the feedwater series. This can be installed to the medial side of the boiler, below water level just, or to the very best of the boiler.[10 –
    Top give food to: Within this design for feedwater injection, water is fed to the top of the boiler. This can reduce boiler exhaustion triggered by thermal stress. By spraying the feedwater over a series of trays water is quickly warmed which can reduce limescale.
    Desuperheater pipes or bundles: Some tubes or bundles of tubes in the water drum or the steam drum designed to cool superheated vapor, in order to supply auxiliary equipment that will not need, or may be damaged by, dry vapor.
    Chemical substance injection line: A link with add chemicals for controlling feedwater pH.
    Steam accessories
    Main vapor stop valve:
    Steam traps:
    Main steam stop/check valve: It is used on multiple boiler installations.
    Combustion accessories
    Fuel oil system:energy oil heaters
    Gas system:
    Coal system:
    Soot blower
    Other essential items
    Pressure gauges:
    Feed pumps:
    Fusible plug:
    Inspectors test pressure measure attachment:
    Name dish:
    Registration dish:

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